Mr Khalil Arbi


Comparative analysis of marketing externalities and process knowledge spillovers among various industrial clusters of Pakistan.

  Arbi, K. (October 2010)

The study highlights the importance of clusters in the economy. The author regards clusters as foundation stones for economic development of any country and hence has taken initiative in Pakistan to foster cluster based economic development. In this article the author investigates the marketing and process knowledge spillovers as a result of co location of firms working in same clusters. The researcher finds out that active marketing externalities in Pakistan based clusters are very less and it creates serious efficiency issues for clusters to grow, compete and be successful at international arena. The author suggests the government intervention in a more systematic way so that the competitiveness of the clusters may be elevated gradually.


Political Economy of Sugarcane, Analysis of nationwide Survey of sugarcane growers.

  Arbi, K. (February 2010)

First time in Pakistan such type of study was conducted in which analysis was done to probe out the underlying facts of successive market failures in sugar and sugarcane industry. Sugarcane is an important crop with many uses particularly as raw material for basic food item sugar. It has importance for government & policy makers mainly due to two reasons; about one million farmers and their families are attached with its cultivation and secondly it is raw material for sugar. Sugar has remained one of the burning issue in Pakistan in recent past. Due to importance of the crop Government of Pakistan has made several interventions in the past to regulate and enhance sugarcane cultivation in the country. Despite all the efforts to elevate level of sugarcane production in the country the performance of the sector is below international standards and Pakistan is facing serious shortages in sugar supplies which have resulted into serious outrage and unrest in the society.

This report is aimed to have analysis of whole value chain of the sugarcane, to identify areas of inefficiencies, plight of the small growers and points of intervention for government for corrective measures. To understand the bottlenecks a comprehensive survey of cane growers has been conducted in various cane-growing districts of Pakistan along with interviews with mill owners, officials of MINFAL, Cane Commissioner and Trading Corporation of Pakistan to fully understand the whole value chain of the sugar and sugarcane.


Sectoral studies project by Trade Development Authority of Pakistan

  Arbi, K. & Raza, S., (March 2010)

The report was an outcome of research project from Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (TDAP).  It deals about finding gaps in existing zero rating schemes in Pakistan and comparing the zero rating schemes in other countries as well. The report covers schemes from, EU, Korea, India and China and makes analysis of the schemes in these countries. The report find the zero rated schemes in Pakistan are aligned with the international best practices but here why the maximum advantage is not being taken by importer/exporter community is because of increased number of procedural difficulties and the scale of the importers.

The report provides a detail insight about 12 export oriented sectors. For each sector it covers general trends, the suppliers’ overview, the supply and demand situation, the prospects for exports, the problems faced by the sectors and the scope of use of zero rating schemes. The report gives detail overview of problems and recommendations specific to each sector. The report discusses problems of each sector in three dimensions, Problems related to efficiency, problems related to regulations and problems related to market access.


"Analytical Study of Chambers of Commerce in Pakistan” Project funded by CIPE Pakistan

  Arbi K. & A. Salman (2010)

The research project was assigned by Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) and it covers diagnostic study of 20 Chambers of Commerce and Trade associations of Pakistan. The project was aimed at to diagnose efficiency and operational issues which hamper the performance of chambers and trade bodies.


Agricultural Policies of Pakistan; Farmers’ Perspective, Funded by South Asia Partnership Pakistan

  Dr. A. Khan and Arbi, K. (December 2009),

Agriculture sector in Pakistan is a major contributory of the GDP of Pakistan and it is responsible for feeding of millions of farmers and their families. While a larger workforce is attached with this sector and also it is considered as lifeline for the economy the sector has always been remained important to policy makers of Pakistan. How much these policies are tuned up with the welfare of common farmer in Pakistan will be the main question this report deals all the way.

Government of Pakistan has introduced several agriculture-input related (fertilizers, water, credit, land rent, labor, and seeds) and output related polices (support prices). In the pool of several policies the main question arises what impact these polices have yielded to the life of a common farmer in Pakistan. At the outset all policies related to agriculture are designed to provide benefits to farmers but have these policies really brought significant change in the welfare of poor farmers and what is the quantum of this change.


Commercialization of innovation, developed Feasibility Studies for 13 different agricultural products innovated at University of Agricultural Faisalabad, Innovation Commercialization Project by HEC and USAID.

  K. Arbi (December 2009)

HEC and USAID has initiated a project for Innovation Commercialization in Pakistan for which they have selected Development Pool as the main consulting firm to execute the project in various universities of Pakistan. Agricultural University Faisalabad has taken the lead and provided access to its various innovations and new products for which we have conducted market research and developed feasibility for those products.



Economic Freedom in Pakistan at sub national level

  A. Salman and K.Arbi (2008)

Economic freedom available to individuals and firms in a given setting has a direct bearing on the economic performance. This study analyzes economic freedom at sub-national/provincial level in Pakistan in accordance with the Economic Freedom of the World Index. National comparisons on economic freedom have been standardized for many years now. The sub-national studies take the same process a step further.

The current index, named Economic Freedom in Pakistan Index (EFPI) is built on three distinct components which influence the level of economic freedom in any country at sub-national level. These are size of government: expenditure, taxes and enterprises, legal structure and security of property rights, and regulation of credit, labour and business. In other words, EFPI 2009 measures three broad ‘Ps’ namely, Policies, Processes and Practices which are likely to affect economic freedom.

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