Organization Theory Review (OTR)

OTR is an exercise in expanding intellectual horizons related to Organization Theory by highlighting its reflexive relation with history, culture, localness and other knowledge fields. It is an attempt to bring scholarly works of public figures, law and policy makers from diverse disciplines including natural sciences, art, literature, business, industry, academia, philosophy, history, ethics, religion and sociology together under the ambit of organization theory. 

The field of Organization Theory came into being through collaboration of sociologists, political scientists, psychologists, engineers, managerial specialists and economists. Currently the sociological and managerial discourses form the backbone of Organization Theory. These discourses grew out of the American Engineering and sociological discourse, rationality of Max Weber and the organizational paradigms of the manufacturers and capitalists.

The Journal therefore encourages the authors to borrow from the traditional as well as varied epistemologies such as arts and literature, religion, philosophy, linguistics, history, sociology, anthropology, political economy and other knowledge fields. OTR reflects an integrated holism that encompasses a process and purpose driven perspective with an aim to develop a clear distinction between practice and theory logic. Through this, it helps in bridging a gap between theory and practice.

Volume I Issue I
Editorial
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1. Prophetic Organization Theory: A Brief Historical and Organizational Discourse of Early Islamic Civilization
Naveed Yazdani, Hasan Sohaib Murad, Ahmad Raza
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This paper examines the management style practiced by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) during the early period of Islamic Civilization. This management style is labeled as Prophetic Organization Theory (POT). POT is compared with two discourses prevalent in the contemporary Organization Theory which are briefly introduced. The comparison of POT with these discourses is undertaken through employing some facets of contemporary Organization Theory such as ethics, organizational epistemology and ontological states, organizational metaphorical forms, leadership and management styles and, organizational culture. Discussion section summarizes the findings of the comparison.

2. Phronesis Embedded Leadership and its Role in Conflict Management
Ali Ahmed, Talha Zubair
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Conflict management has emerged as a major subfield of organization behavior in which researchers have presented numerous models and approaches to deal with con-flicting situations. In this context, leadership has been identified as one of the promis-ing approaches to effectively deal with conflict. Built upon the strong and constant in-terplay that exists between leadership and conflict management this paper presents a conceptual argument that the “phronesis centered leadership” is more likely to play an effective role in managing the conflict because phronetic leadership abilities help the leaders to make quick and righteous decisions in problematic situations. This proposi-tional paper outlines that how a conceptual model of phronesis centered leadership can be applied to conflict management. This paper concludes with a discussion that wisdom of senior transformational leader and as well as distributed wisdom in an or-ganization play an important role in managing conflict.

3. Should the Criteria for Evaluating an Organizational Theoretical Contribution be Universal, Distant from Cultural and Contextual Factors?
Aisha Ahmed Hamdy
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This paper aims to discuss the criteria used for evaluating theoretical contributions and whether these are universally applicable. Questions are raised regarding the im-pact of cultural and contextual variables in perceiving the value of a theoretical con-tribution especially in the field of organizational theory.

4. Re-Thinking Neuroticism: Organizational Learning to Learning Organization (Dynamic Capability Development)
Muhammad Rizwan Junaid
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In many personal psychological studies, neuroticism has been taken as one of the integral elements along with other. However, we do not find any such study where neuroticism is focused in its very individual capacity as an influential mode of human attitude. The core perspective of this research initiative is to look into different objective facets of neuroticism within the close proximity of an organization that is established within a society for the sole purpose to facilitate human beings with respect to multi-dimensional needs. The theoretical framework established in the very beginning and served as a benchmark to regress all the corresponding sections to prove influence of neuroticism on human cognition that impacts individual learning cycle.

5. The Notion of Individuality of CEO and Organizational Thinking: Responsive/ Reflexive Process in Case of Apple Verses Microsoft Computers
Malik Umer Ayub
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Responsive or reflexive process thinking versus systemic process thinking in organizations has been a point of great discussion among different researchers and scholars. The following paper is aimed to discuss responsive process thinking in terms of two different leadership styles in their respective organizations and along with its consequences. A responsive process has been proactive in Apple computers, and responsive process has been reactive in Microsoft computers. Individualists define the idea of self for a self-determining organization that is separate from groups and collectivists explain the self in relations to its connection to others. The role of individual in the form of Steve Jobs as a proactive leader in case of Apple computers and the role of team work in the form of Bill Gates as a reactive leader in case of Microsoft computers is discussed.

6. Preferences of Students towards Conducting Qualitative Research in Social Sci-ences at Higher Education Level
Atif Khalil, Muhammed Saeed, Kanwal Tauheed
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The study aimed to explore the intentions of higher education students towards con-ducting qualitative research in social sciences. The study included four PhD and six MPhil students from Punjab Univeristy (Institute of Education and Research) and Eduacation University who were selected through purposive sampling technique. A semi-structured interview protocol was constructed which was validated through ex-perts’ opinion. The respondents were asked about their feelings, knowledge, skills, in-terests and barriers towards qualitative research. A thematic analysis was applied after obtaining the data through audio recording and field notes. The results revealed that most of the PhD scholars did not possess knowledge and skills required to conduct qualitative research. There was no visible difference between the responses of IER (PU) and EU students. But PhD and MPhil Students had different preferences towards conducting qualitative research.

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