Dr Naveed Yazdani


Civilization and Organization Theory: A New Epistemological Discourse

 Masters’ Thesis

Abstract: Culture, nation state and society are generally employed in contextualizing organization theory. The construct civilization which transcends national, cultural and societal boundaries is not used in indigenization of organization theory. This thesis employs civilization as a theoretical construct to study and analyze organization theory of Western civilization. The analysis is undertaken by using discourse approach. Two parallel discourses, historical and organizational, are constructed for the Western civilization. The historical discourse presents the major thoughts and ideas of the civilization. The organizational discourse shows the impact of historical discourse on organization theory of the civilization. The historico-organizational discourse of civilization is used to construct the reflexive relation between civilization and organization theory. Three elements research model is used for conducting this study. The epistemology of constructionism and theoretical perspective of interpretivism is used to formulate discourses of the Western civilization. The discourse analyses are followed by a discussion on the reflexive relation between civilization and organization theory, grounding of civilization in the contemporary organizational theories, rational of positioning civilization as an organizational epistemology, concluding remarks, major future research implications and basic limitations of the study. A four-tiered conceptual framework is represented to posit civilization as an episteme for organization theory.

"Assessing the link between Intellectual Capital Formation and Performance of a University"

Publications: South Asian Journal of Management Sciences, Vol. 2 (1), p. 206-230, (Summer 2008).

Abstract: The resource-based view (RBV) of the firm grew out of frustration with the structure-conduct-performance paradigm of the industrial organization (IO) view of the firm and the early RBV theorists found the IO view – that a firm’s success was wholly determined by its external environment – to be unrealistically limited and constraining. This paper is an attempt to apply the RBV of the firm to university settings and it looks at the process of Intellectual Capital (IC) formation of a university as the basis for its performance. The paper deals with the issues of IC formation, its measurement, definition of a university’s performance, its measurement and the association between the two. The paper provides an overview of the various RBV theories along with a detailed discussion on the notions of strategy, resources, capabilities, competencies and creation of competitive advantage of a firm with special emphasis on the role of human capital in sustaining this competitive advantage. While applying the RBV in Education industry, the four schools of University of Management & Technology (UMT) Lahore are studied in the light of RBV. The paper also highlights the limitations of the current study along with some of the future research implications for the human capital-RBV link.



Organizational Democracy and Organization Structure Link: Role of Strategic Leadership & Environmental Uncertainty

Abstract: This theoretical paper focuses on the issue of implementing democratic principles in modern day organizations facing turbulent and changing environments around them. The paper captures the notion of participatory style of management through the construct; organizational democracy. It traces the origin of this construct from theories and philosophies of political democracy. The paper also briefly describes the notion of economic democracy and why it failed to succeed in the face of partial success of political democracy. The underlying question which the paper raises is the role of organization structure and strategic leadership style in the successful implementation of democratic principles in organizations in the face of a turbulent and dynamic environment. The paper also attempts to raise some thought provoking questions for future research.



A Brief History of OT

Abstract: This paper attempts to locate Organization Theory (OT) properly under and within the overarching influence of history, society, culture and other knowledge fields within the ambit of which OT has taken its shape. It explores the ethical and philosophical basis of western civilization, the birth place of OT, under and within the influence of Renaissance, Reformation, Enlightenment and, Modernity. OT is then discussed in terms of the two opposing paradigms; Newtonian/Cartesian and Quantum/Relativistic paradigms of organizations and the effects of distinct, yet inseparably intertwined, notions of modernism and postmodernism are also traced in some detail. The paper draws an important conclusion that OT has inseparable historical and civilization links with social and natural sciences and philosophy and, an understanding of theorizing in organizations cannot be reached without first understanding the knowledge discourses, history and civilization within which the field of OT has developed and acquired its current form and stature



Strategic options of U.S in its Conflict with Iran: Spillover in Pakistan

Abstract: The Iranian revolution of 1979 was an event of immense historical significance, probably as immense as other great revolutionary upheavals such as the French and Russian revolutions of 1789 and 1917 (Cronin, 2001). The revolution in Iran was preceded by three distinct phases, which Mirsepassi (2000) terms as phases of Iranian modernity; firstly, an uncritical embrace of modernity as a Western model designed to totally replace Iranian culture, secondly, a shift to a leftist paradigm of modernity critiquing imperialism and capitalism, and finally, a turn toward Islamic discourses of modernity, culminating in the form of the 1979 revolution.



Dispositional Causes of Intrinsic Motivation

Abstract: This theoretical paper studies and proposes to explore further the dispositional causes of intrinsic motivation and, therefore, contributes to both personality as well as motivational literature. Because of its relatively longer history, during which it has endured many tests, Big Five Framework is proposed to map the construct personality. The paper probes into the etiology of one of the most powerful forms of motivation, the intrinsic motivation (IM) or engaging in a task for its engagement value. Three elements, cognition; affect and, values are identified as the basis of an intrinsically motivated behavior. These three elements are used in developing the dynamics of link between personality and intrinsic motivation. On the basis of theoretical discussions and various empirical evidences provided, five propositions, linking the five factors of Big Five Model with propensity for intrinsic motivation, are suggested. The need for developing more reliable, generalize-able and, valid measures of intrinsic motivation is stressed for future researchers so that the two constructs of personality and intrinsic motivation are studied more objectively with more empirical evidence at hand.


"Faith & Reason: A Synthesis in Pakistani Society"

Issue: May 2008 Publication: Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences.

Introduction: The Reason-Faith Synthesis debate has surfaced many a times, in differing forms and intensities, across the history of cultures and civilizations of the humankind. At times it has presented itself as integration of all sciences and knowledge while at other times one can witness similar attempts at combining religion, mainly Christianity and Islam with sciences and philosophy.

This paper focuses on the issue of synthesis of reason and faith from a purely Pakistani paradigm and no attempt is made to suggest an overall grand synthesis between cultures and civilizations at this stage. Some clarification of the terms faith and reason, as they are used in this paper, needs to be made. I define faith, from the point of view of this paper, as an overall “Islamic inclination” towards life, based on the practice of Islam in both orthodox and mystical manner in the contemporary Pakistani society, while reason is meant to highlight a “western inclination or attitude” based on the western methods and views of rationalism and empiricism in science and philosophy, and life in general.


"Towards Statistical Measurement of University Culture: An Empirical Pilot Study"

Co-authored with: Mr. Ahmed Siddiqi, Pakistan Management Review, Vol. XLIV (3), page: 85-94, (Third Quarter 2008).

Abstract: This paper explores the possibility of developing reliable means for measuring university culture objectively. The paper briefly describes the contemporary work on cultural measurement issues with special emphasis on the Chinese, Japanese, Nordic and Australian perspectives. 300 students from four different schools of University of Management & Technology (study’s prototype university) are selected employing a multi-stage sampling plan and their responses on a 45-item measuring instrument are recorded. The data obtained is then factor and cluster analyzed by using SPSS and areas of future research are highlighted and identified.


Determinants of Sinic Civilization and their impact on Organization Theory

 Abstract This paper traces the impact of Sinic Civilization and its underlying virtue ethics of Confucianism on the principles of management and organization theory. Sinic Civilization is envisaged to include the cultures of China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. Apart from linking the core Sinic ethics with organization theory, this paper also studies Sinic philosophy, cosmology, governance, and linguistics. The Japanese and Chinese management practices and cardinal principles are discussed in the light of traditional Sinic ethics. The past, contemporary and future contributions of Sinic way of management in terms of management style, organizational forms, organizational epistemology and ontology, organizational cultural orientations and major organizing principles are also discussed. The paper concludes that flexible, fluid and organic structures, emergent strategies, team work, coordination and, horizontal and flat organizations are natural outcomes of the Sinic ethical discourse which is manifested both in its historical as well as organizational discourses.



From Modernity to Postmodernity: A Historical Discourse on Western Civilization

Abstract This paper traces the historical discourse of Western Civilization from the period of Modernity to Postmodernity. Major political, social, moral, and scientific shifts occurred in the Western Civilization during Modernity because of the maturation of underpinning utilitarian and materialistic ethics. Postmodernity is a critique on the ideologies of modernity. The identifiable difference between the two lies in the nature of discourse. The discourse of modernity rests on the transcendent criteria such as ‘progress’ and ‘reason’. Postmodern discourse, on the other hand, analyzes social life in terms of paradox and indeterminacy and rejects all metanarratives and overarching guiding principles, religion, science, objectivity, rationality and the notion of truth. Yet the two are closely related and complement each other by sharing a deep commitment and affinity to empiricism, concrete forms and reductionism.



Coronary Heart Disease and Five Factor Model of Personality: A Statistical Assessment of the Link

Abstract This empirical study explores the role of personality traits in causation of Conronary Heart Disease (CHD). A total of 231 participants including both confirmed cases of CHD and non-patients were surveyed. Data regarding personality traits was collected by using TIPI instrument while close-ended question elicited data about other medical and demographic variables of interest. Logistic Regression analysis was used to isolate significant personality traits in relation with the dependent variable CHD. Baron & Kenny Mediators approach was employed in the attempt to isolate mediators of the study. Analytical finding are discussed in the light of cardiology and personality literature review undertaken to arrive at theory developed in the paper. Future research implications and major limitation of this study are also discussed


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